The knee is formed with three parts including tibia, which is shine bone or larger bone of lower part of leg, femur, which is thigh bone or upper leg bone, and patella, which is a kneecap. It is the most vulnerable joint in the body which undergoes a lot of stress in everyday life. Two long leg bones are kept together strongly with muscles, tendons, and ligaments. Each end of the bone is enveloped with a layer of cartilage to absorb the shock and protect the knee. Owing to its most vulnerable nature, knee issues occur with aging and relentless wear & tear of joints.
Common injuries of knee include:
In many cases,knee injuries are related to more than a structure in the knee. Pain and swelling are the most common signs of knee injury. However, few knee injuries result in instability, which makes you feel that your knee pain might be ‘giving way’, 'catching', or 'locking up'.