Non-healing fractures are those fractures that are difficult to reunite. Nearly 5–10% of the fractures do not heal properly. There are various reasons for this and one of the major reasons is the poor blood supply during recovery. Researchers have been researching on the effect of pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) therapy in non-healing fractures over the past couple of decades. They investigated whether pulsed electromagnetic frequencies can be used for a bone reunion. PEMF stimulates fields through soft tissue, as a result, low-magnitude voltage and currents are generated at the fracture site.
A study published in the Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research in 2012 outlined that PEMF enabled the healing rate of 77.3% in non-healing fractures. The study highlighted that the application of PEMF for a long time enhanced the probability of union. It has been effective in stimulation of the synthesis of extracellular matrix proteins along with making an impact on manufacturing of proteins for regulation of gene transcription. Moreover, PEMF stimulated osteoblasts, which give rise to a few growth factors such as bone morphogenic proteins.
An orthopedic surgeon Dr. Harry Gossling found that the success rate of healing of non-unions with PEMF was better than that of surgical treatment. Nearly 81% of successful cases were found with PEMF as compared to 69% with surgical treatment. He outlined that non-healing fractures treated with PEMF healed more frequently than treated with surgeries. The study by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons in 2003 outlined that PEMF treatment can be used for effective fracture management for fractures including non-unions and failed fusions.
The PEMF therapy uses different frequencies to make sure cells have been stimulated constantly. This therapy boosts the immune system, increases oxygenation in blood, and detoxifies. Many conventional surgical treatment procedures may not be able to achieve this. The pulsed electromagnetic frequencies would penetrate in the bones and stimulate the osteoblasts along with the bone matrix. This will lead to the formation of fracture union along with the improvement of bone and cartilage structure.
PEMF helps in faster rehabilitation following injuries and surgeries related to non-healing fractures. An increase in cellular communication and circulation would lead to accelerated healing. At Nexus, a PEMF therapy unit is ready to help patients recover from fractures that have not healed. Our experienced physiotherapists will analyze the fracture thoroughly and guide you throughout the recovery phase. End your search for the best physiotherapist near me and contact us soon.